Selection criteria of strategic goals for local governments

Selection criteria of strategic goals for local governments

 

Jarosław Ignacy, Tomasz Kopyscianski

 

Keywords: strategic management, strategic planning, strategic goals, municipality, local government management, local development strategy, local government

 

Summary: Aim: Local development strategy is a widespread and commonly used instrument in public management. Strategies are applied by municipalities to develop their full potential. A key factor in effective use of strategies for local development are criteria for selecting strategic goals. The article is an attempt to provide applicable selection criteria recommended for local authorities for selection of strategic goals.

Methods: Finding a solution to this crucial part of creating any local development strategy required a range of different exploratory methods and techniques. The research process was based on mixed (both qualitative and quantitative) research methods. Purposeful sampling was applied for choosing in-depth interviews.

Results: Despite the huge differences in the level of development of municipalities in the Lower Silesia they exhibit remarkable similarities in the ways of creating and selecting goals. The conducted research showed that the criteria applied were inconsistent and varying which was a crucial drawback from the viewpoint of strategic management. The lack of stable, objective criteria impaired an effective attainment of strategic goals which in result hampered the implementation of local development strategy.

Conclusions: The combination of results of literature review and advanced empirical research allowed to provide selection criteria applicable for selecting strategic goals. They should be considered as a starting point to create “good practices” regarded as general pattern solutions for local authorities.

Practical implications: Research results indicate a neglected area in the field of local development — municipalities are mainly unaware of the factors resulting in the dramatically low level of implementation of strategic plans. Identified problems require local governments to take actions to overcome them. Current solutions to selecting strategic goals are unsatisfactory. The criteria presented in this paper offer crucial applicable recommendations to help municipalities overcome diverse difficulties of selecting goals in local development strategies. The additional value is the fact that the application of suggested criteria does not require large financial input, and are likely to support public sector’s development efforts.

 

References: 

Andrews, K. R., The Concept of Corporate Strategy, p. 28. Dow-Jones-Irwin, New York 1971.

Babbie, E., Badania społeczne w praktyce [The Practice of Social Research], p. 288. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2004.

Blair, R., Public Participation and Community Development: The Role of Strategic Planning, “Public Administration Quarterly”, Vol. 28, Issue 1, p. 102-147, 2004.

Blakely, E. J., Bradshaw, T. K., Planning Local Economic Development: Theory and Practice, 3rd ed. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA 2002.

Brol, R., Ekonomika i zarządzanie miastem [Economics and Municipal Management], p. 209­211. Wydawnictwo AE, Wrocław 2003.

Brol, R., Ekonomika i zarządzanie miastem [Economics and Municipal Management], p. 205. Wydawnictwo AE, Wrocław 2004.

Chandler, A. D., Strategy and Structure, p. 13. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1962.

Creswell, J. W., Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research, 2nd ed. Pearson Education, NJ 2005.

Creswell, J. W., Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Traditions, p. 74-75. Sage Publications, California, 2007.

Czornik, M., (ed.), Wdrażanie strategii rozwoju miasta [Implementation of Municipal Development Strategy], p. 96. Wydawnictwo AE, Katowice 2003.

Doran, G. T., There's a S.M.A.R.T. Way to Write Management’s Goals and Objectives, “Management Review”, Vol. 70, Issue 11, p. 35, 1981.

Drucker, P. F., Skuteczne zarządzanie [Managing for Results], Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 1976.

Filipiak, B., Kogut, M., Szewczuk, A., Zioło, M., Rozwój lokalny i regionalny. Uwarunkowania, finanse, procedury [Local and Regional Development. Conditions, Finance, Procedures], p. 161. Fundacja na rzecz Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, Szczecin 2005.

Goldstein, B. E., Butler, W. H., Expanding the Scope and Impact of Collaborative Planning, “Journal of the American Planning Association”, Vol. 76, Issue 2, p. 238-249, 2010.

Hauff, V., Unsere gemeinsame Zukunft. Der Bericht der Weltkommission für Umwelt und Entwicklung. Eggenkampt Verlag, Greven 1987.

Ignacy, J., Kopyściański, T., Charakterystyka barier wdrażania strategii rozwoju lokalnego na przykładzie gmin województwa dolnośląskiego [Characteristics of Barriers to Implementing a Local Development Strategy by Municipalities in Lower Silesian Voivodeship], “Finanse Komunalne” 12, p. 5-12, 2006.

Humayun, K., Strategic Planning in Municipal Government: The Case of City of Ottawa, “Canadian Social Science” Vol. 3, No. 5, p. 10, 2007.

Knutsson, H., Mattisson, O., Ramberg, U., Tagesson, T., Do Strategy and Management Matter on Municipal Organizations?, “Financial Accountability & Management”, 24(3), p. 316, 2008.

Liou, K., Local Economic Development in China and the United States: Strategies and Issues, “Public Administration Review”, p. 29-37, 2009.

Michelsen, G., Umweltbildungsforschung in unterschiedlichen pädagogischen Kontexten [in:] Bolscho, D., Michelsen, G. (Hrsg.), Umweltbewußtsein unter dem Leitbild Nachhaltige Entwicklung, p. 7-12, 2002.

Miller, A. F, Cunningham, J. A., How to Avoid Costly Job Mismatches, “Management Review”, Vol. 70, Issue 11, p. 29, 1981.

Mintzberg, H., McHugh, A., Strategy Formulation in an Adhocracy, “Administrative Science Quarterly”, 30(2), p. 160-197, 1985.

Mintzberg, H., The Rise and Fall of Sstrategic Planning, p. 32-44. Free Press, New York 1994.

Obłój, K., Strategia organizacji [Strategy of an Organization], p. 423. Wydawnictwo PWE, Warszawa 2007.

Otto, S., Bedeutung und Verwendung der Begriffe nachhaltige Entwicklung und Nachhaltigkeit - Eine empirische Studie, p. 14. Jacobs University, Bremen 2007.

Pająk, K., Rola samorządu terytorialnego w kształtowaniu rozwoju lokalnego [The Influence of Local Government in Supporting the Local Development], p. 159-160. Wyd. AE, Poznań 2005.

Penc, J., Sztuka skutecznego zarządzania [The Art of Effective Management], p. 148. Oficyna Ekonomiczna, Kraków 2005.

Poister, T. H., Streib, G., Elements of Strategic Planning and Management in Municipal Government: Status after Two Decades, “Administration Review”, Vol. 65, No. l, 2005.

Potoczek, A., Polityka regionalna i gospodarka przestrzenna [Regional Policy and Land Management], p. 57-64. Wydawnictwo TNOiK, Toruń 2003.

Słownik Języka Polskiego [A Dictionary of the Polish Language], p. 751. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2006.

Springer, C. G., Insights on Strategic Management, “American Society for Public Administration”, p. 9, 2008.

Stabryła, A., Zarządzanie strategiczne w teorii i praktyce firmy [Strategic Management in Theory and Firm’s Practice], p. 44. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2005.

Webber, R. A., Zasady zarządzania organizacjami [Principles of Organizational Management], p. 233-234. PWE, Warszawa, 1990.

Weisbrod, G., Piercy, B., New Tools for Economic Development Targeting and Strategy, “Economic Development Journal”, Vol. 6, No. 3, p. 33, 2007.

Sochacka-Krysiak, H. (ed), Zarządzanie rozwojem lokalnym [Management of Local Development], p. 66-67. SGH Warszawa 2006.

 

 

Download PDF

Read 961 times Last modified on Thursday, 27 February 2014 10:46